For more information from the education sector on work inside Syria, visit the Whole of Syria (WoS) education website. The goal of WoS education is to ensure coherence and consistency of humanitarian action in Syria cross three hubs in Damascus, Gaziantep and Amman.
As the crisis in Syria enters its sixth year, children continue to bear the brunt of the conflict. Two decades of investment in education have been wiped out and many Syrian school-age children have never seen the inside of a classroom, while those in school continue to be at risk of dropping out. The new Syria crisis education fact sheet finds that five years of conflict have tripled the proportion of Syrian children out of school, from 0.9 million in the 2011/2012 school year to 2.8 million in the 2014/2015 school year.
NEW REPORT: Syria: Reconstruction for Peace
As European policymakers grapple with the inflow of refugees from Syria and other countries, it is easy to forget that each refugee comes with his or her own history. Addressing the so-called “refugee crisis” therefore requires understanding the proximate causes that led the refugee to take a perilous journey to the shores of Europe. This World Bank report explores the plight of Syrian refugees and of the Syrian people more generally.
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), together with the King Hussein Research Foundation (KHRF) and the International Blue Crescent Relief and Development Foundation (IBC), have undertaken research in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and the Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) to better understand the needs, aspirations and challenges faced by displaced and local community youth aged between 15 and 24.
The Supporting Syria and the Region conference in February 2016 brought together world leaders from around the globe to rise to the challenge of raising the resources needed to help millions of people whose lives have been torn apart by the devastating war. The Conference aimed to create a long-term commitment on education through a total ask of US$1.4 billion. The US$1.4 billion is needed to support around 4 million Syrian and host community children in the 2016/2017 school year. Read the Syria Crisis Education Strategic Paper, which is meant to support the overall fundraising objectives and guide discussions on key strategic shifts that need to take place in education.
This new UNICEF MENA study estimates that the total economic loss due to dropout from basic and secondary education, as of 2012, is US$10.7 billion. This is equivalent to about 17.6 per cent of the 2010 Syrian GDP. Using labour market data and data from the Ministry of Education, results show that the impact of dropout is significantly large. In 2012 alone, 2 million children dropped out of school inside Syria. As of the 2014/2015 school year, there were 2.1 million children out of school inside Syria. Children who dropped out have not only lost the immediate opportunity to learn, but their productivity and potential lifetime income are also negatively affected.
NO END IN SIGHT
As the Syria crisis enters its sixth year in March 2016, a total of 5.4 million Syrian children and youth inside Syria (of whom 2.1 million are out of school) and 1.4 million Syrian refugee children and youth in the five host countries (50 per cent of whom are out of school) are in need of educational assistance. Education is key for their survival, their protection, and ability to rebuild a peaceful Syria. Learn more about the crisis: http://childrenofsyria.info.
In Syria, the crisis has pushed the capacity of basic social services to breaking point, with a devastating impact on 5.4 million children. A total of 2.1 million children are out of school and one in five schools has been destroyed, damaged, or used for other purposes, including occupation by armed groups. The economic and social collapse in Syria has reversed decades of educational achievement.
In Turkey, there are close to 746,000 registered Syrian refugee children (5-17 yrs) who face many obstacles to education – from the language used in classrooms to curriculum choices, certification and recognition of learning attainments.
In Lebanon, Syrians now make up a third of all children. Over 51% per cent of the roughly 370,000 Syrian children remain out of school, but he refugee surge has created an education crisis that affects everyone, including Palestinian, and vulnerable local children.
In Jordan, the close to half of registered Syrian refugees are children under 18, and the burden on the public education system is taking its toll. To absorb the influx of Syrian students, the school system has re-introduced the practice of ‘double shifts’ in overcrowded schools, a policy that is affecting education quality and derailing on-going public education reform.
In Egypt, the quality of the school environment in public schools is a significant barrier to the enrolment and retention of 40,000 Syrian children, as are the difficulties they face in adjusting to the Egyptian dialect and curriculum.
In Iraq, there are an estimated 64,000 child refugees from Syria. Host communities are struggling to meet their needs as well as those of the close to 1 million IDP children, especially in Kurdistan.
Such is the scale of the Syria crisis. UNICEF and our partners must these children with assistance: to protect them from violence, abuse and exploitation; to provide education that can foster resilience; to support the healing of hidden wounds; and to strengthen social cohesion. Otherwise, the hopes of an entire generation could be lost forever – with profound long-term consequences for Syria, the region, and beyond.
NO LOST GENERATION (NLG)
In the face of overwhelming evidence that a generation of Syrian children is at risk of losing hope for a better future, a group of partners, including UNICEF, host governments, donors, United Nations and international agencies and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) came together in 2013 to develop a strategy to prevent a lost generation. The No Lost Generation Initiative aims at providing Syrian children, both those affected by the conflict within the country and those who have fled to neighboring countries, with access to an education, a protective environment, and other opportunities for their future. So that one day, the children of Syria who are the future, can help rebuild their country.
Data and charts
Download the Syria Crisis Fact Sheet
Numbers and percentages of out-of-school children (pre- and post-crisis)
- Children of Syria website
- Whole of Syria education website
- More Syria Crisis resources
- The Daily Beast article - Meet the Malala of Syria
- UNICEF MENA Study: Curriculum, Accreditation and Certification for Syrian Children in Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt
- UNICEF and REACH: Access to Education for Syrian Refugee Children and Youth in Jordan Host Communities
- International Peace Institute: Securing Education for Syrian Refugees in Jordan
- Mercy Corps: No One Hears Us
- Save the Children: Education Under Attack in Syria
- Norwegian Refugee Council: Drivers of Despair: refugee protection failures in Jordan and Lebanon
- Malala Fund: #NotLost: Claiming Syria's Future
- No Lost Generation: 2015 Syria Crisis Update
- European Union: Partnership for the #ChildrenofSyria - EU Trust Fund and UNICEF
- Norwegian Refugee Council: A Future in the Balance: How the conflict in Syria is impacting young people across the Middle East
- World Bank: Syria: Reconstruction for Peace
- UNICEF, Centre for Lebanese Studies, UNHCR, UNESCO 2015: Scaling Up Quality Education Provision for Syrian Children and Children in Vulnerable Host Communities
Stories & News
As she poses for a photograph in the late afternoon light, her blue sunglasses tucked back up on her head, 10-year-old Batul looks like any normal schoolgirl in Jordan. A silver bangle dangles from one wrist and she leans somewhat shyly on one foot as her friends tease her about hamming it up for the camera.Read more >
This story was originally posted by UNICEF Connect Entering the Ghazieh collective shelter in south Lebanon, I was struck by the conditions: women, men, the elderly, children, babies were all packed into small rooms rented for US$300 a month. They l...Read more >
This story was originally posted on childrenofsyria.info By Razan Rashidi Filed Diary Damascus Syria, 20 September 2015- Four years into the Syria crisis, Sunday morning was not like any other morning in Damascus. “It is a day of hope,&rdquo...Read more >
The new UNICEF MENA study, Economic Loss from School Dropout due to the Syria Crisis: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Impact of the Syria Crisis on the Education Sector, estimates that the total economic loss due to dropout from basic and se...Read more >
On 4 February 2016, the UK, Germany, Kuwait, Norway and the United Nations co-hosted a conference on the Syria crisis in London. The Supporting Syria and the Region conference brought together world leaders from around the globe t...Read more >
This story was originally posed by UNICEF MENA. AMMAN, 2 July 2015- The conflict and humanitarian crisis in Syria are pushing an ever increasing number of children into exploitation in the labour market, and much more needs to be done to rever...Read more >
This story was originally posted by childrenofsyria.info By Tomoya Sonoda and Tamara Abu Sham In the past two months, nearly half a million students in Syria attended the national end of year exams to pass ninth and twelfth grades. The exams, admin...Read more >
This story was originally posted by UNICEF By Kusali Kubwalo For Syrian children living as refugees in Jordan, drop-in centres are helping to provide education and psychosocial support for those who have missed out on learning, including many like ...Read more >
This story was originally posted on childrenofsyria.info By Razan Rashidi Hama, Syria – “It was scary and I was terrified, so were my sisters. In addition to all displacement challenges, we had to carry Alaa, the youngest among us who l...Read more >
This press release was originally posted by UNICEF MENA DOWNLOAD ENGLISH REPORT AMMAN, 3 September 2015- Surging conflict and political upheaval across the Middle East and North Africa are preventing more than 13 million children from going to...Read more >
This story was originally posted on childrenofsyria.info By Yasmine Saker Tartous, 8 September, 2015- “I want to learn and become successful so that no one looks down at me,” said 13 year old Khadija, staring at the white board where he...Read more >
This story was originally posted on childrenofsyria.info By Razan Rashidi with input from UNICEF Aleppo hub Aleppo, 9 September 2015- Mohammed, 11, dropped out of school two years ago as the conflict erupted in his neighborhood; Al-Salheen in the e...Read more >
This story was originally posted on A World at School September 10, 2015 A plan of action to get more than one million Syrian refugee children into school in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon has been unveiled. Three new detailed reports - one for each c...Read more >
This story was originally posted on childrenofsyria.info Homs, 15 September 2015 – For many children the first day in school can be tough. For six-year Fatima it was even harder. Fatima along her family fled Palmyra City three months ago once ...Read more >
PRESS RELEASE Beirut, 21 September, 2015 – Free education up to grade nine will be provided for all children – Lebanese and non-Lebanese – in public schools this year. The Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE), with the...Read more >
This story was originally posted by the Brookings Institution by Christian Bodewig, Program Leader for Inclusive Growth in Central Europe and the Baltics, World Bank In Europe, the year 2015 will be remembered as the year of the “refugee cris...Read more >
US$1.4 billion needed to support the education of around 4 million children affected by the Syria crisis
As the Syria crisis enters its sixth year in March 2016, a total of 5.4 million Syrian children and youth inside Syria (of whom 2.1 million are out of school) and 1.4 million Syrian refugee children and youth in the five host countries (50 ...Read more >
Syria Crisis Education Fact Sheet: Five Years of Crisis and Conflict As the crisis in Syria enters its sixth year, children continue to bear the brunt of the conflict. Two decades of investment in education have been wiped out and many Syrian school...Read more >
This blog was originally posted by Brookings. This is the fifth in a series of blogs that look at the experiences of Syrian refugee children and their teachers. As we observe World Refugee Day, it’s important to take note that&...Read more >
This story was originally posted by the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Many Syrian children are forced to work to help make ends meet, or unable to pay for transport to school by Alex Whiting ROME, Aug 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - With just...Read more >
This video was originally posted by UNICEF. When we first met 8-year-old Malak a year ago, she had nearly drowned trying to make it to Greece from Syria: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDy8_8L3s0A Her story inspired one of our Unfairy Tales:&...Read more >
This story was originally posted by childrenofsyria.info. By Kusali Kubwalo Irbid, Jordan 31st August 2016 – The excitement is obvious. Not only for Bakr, the eldest but also his sibblings Hamzah and Abdul Malek. At 7, Abdul Malek w...Read more >