Improving Education Participation: Policy and Practice Pointers for Enrolling All Children and Adolescents in School and Preventing Dropout (UNICEF CEE/CIS 2017)

Progress for Children with Equity in Middle East and North Africa (UNICEF 2017)

Consultation on Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Workshop Report (UNICEF 2016) English | Arabic 

Equity, Educational Access and Learning Outcomes in MENA (UNICEF 2016) English | Arabic (Executive Summary)

Education for People and Planet: Creating Sustainable Futures for All (GEM Report 2016)

Leaving no one behind: How far on the way to universal primary and secondary education? (UIS, GEM Report 2016)

Monitoring Education Participation: Framework for Monitoring Children and Adolescents who are Out of School or at Risk of Dropping Out (UNICEF CEE/CIS 2016)

MENA OOSCI Regional Fact Sheet (UNICEF, 2018)

MENA OOSCI Regional Report (UNICEF, UIS 2015)  

MENA OOSCI Regional Summary (UNICEF, UIS 2015) English Arabic |  French

Fixing the Broken Promise for All (UNICEF, UIS 2015)

Global OOSCI Operational Manual (UNICEF 2015)

Small Hands, Heavy Burden: How the Syria Conflict is Driving More Children into the Workforce (Save the Children, UNICEF 2015)

A growing number of children and adolescents are out of school as aid fails to meet the mark (EFA GMR 2015)

Ready for boarding? The effects of a boarding school for disadvantaged students (2015)

Out of School Children Initiative Flyer (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

Demographic and Socioeconomic Determinants of School Attendance: An Analysis of Household Survey Data (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

School Access for Children from Non-Dominant Ethnic and Linguistic Communities (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

Wanted: Trained teachers to ensure every child’s right to primary education (UIS, EFA GMR 2014)

Progress in getting all children to school stalls but some countries show the way forward (UIS, EFA GMR 2014)

Results for Learning Report 2014/2015 (GPE 2014)

A Quality Framework for OOSC (EAC 2014)

The Twin Challenges of Child Labour and Youth Employment in the Arab States (UCW, ILO 2014)

Exclusion from Education: The Economic Cost of Out of School Children in 20 Countries (EAC, R4D 2013)

A Moral Obligation, An Economic Priority: The Urgency of Enrolling Out of School Children (EAC, R4D 2013)

UNRWA School Dropout: An Agency Wide Study (UNRWA 2013)




CRPD General Comment on the Right to Inclusive Education (UN 2016) Arabic | English | French

Overview of the General Comment on the Right to Inclusive Education (UN 2016)

Quality Inclusive Education at the Heart of the SDGs (IDDC 2015)

The Right of Children with Disability to Education (UNICEF CEE/CIS 2012)


Costing Equity: The Case for Disability-Responsive Education Financing (IDDC 2016)

Guide for Including Disability in Education Management Information Systems: Technical Guidance (UNICEF 2016)

Strategic Plan Education Output Profile 2016: Inclusive Education (UNICEF 2016)

Towards Inclusive Education: The Impact of Disability on School Attendance in Developing Countries (UNICEF Innocenti 2016)


Inclusive Education Technical Booklets (UNICEF CEE/CIS 2014) Arabic | English

Inclusive Education Training-of-Trainers Modules (UNICEF 2015)

INEE Pocket Guide to Inclusive Education in Emergencies (INEE 2009)



Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation: Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa (World Bank 2015)

Addressing the crisis in early grade teaching (EFA GMR 2013)

Rights from the Start: Early childhood care and education (GCE 2012)



Out-Of-School Children: Why Gender Matters? (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

Background paper on attacks against girls seeking to access education (OHCHR 2014)

A girl's right to learn without fear: Working to end gender-based violence at school (Plan International 2013)

A girl's right to say no to marriage: Working to end child marriage and keep girls in school (Plan International 2013)

From Access to Equality: Empowering Girls and Women through Literacy and Secondary Education (UNESCO 2012)

Promoting Gender Equality through UNICEF-Supported Programming in Basic Education (UNICEF 2011)

INEE Pocket Guide to Gender Equality in and through Education (INEE 2010)

Girls' Education in Iraq (UNICEF 2010)



Training Tools for Curriculum Development - Reaching Out to All Learnings: a Resource Pack for Supporting Inclusive Education (UNESCO - IBE 2016)

Series of 14 Webinars and Companion Technical Booklets on Inclusive Education (UNICEF CEE/CIS 2015)

Children with Disabilities (UNICEF, UIS 2014) 

Equal Right, Equal Opportunity: Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities (GCE 2013)

The Right of Children with Disabilities to Education: A Rights-Based Approach to Inclusive Education (UNICEF 2012)

INEE Pocket Guide to Supporting Learners with Disabilities (INEE 2010)

INEE Pocket Guide to Inclusive Education (INEE 2009)

Towards Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities: A Guideline (UNESCO, Education for All 2009)



The Cost and Benefit of Education in Iraq: An analysis of the education sector and strategies to maximize the benefits of education (UNICEF Iraq 2017) English | Arabic

The Cost of Education Pamphlet (UNICEF Iraq 2017) English | Arabic

The Investment case for Education and Equity (UNICEF 2015)

Financing for Education: Opportunities for Global Action (Brookings 2015)

Pricing the right to education: The cost of reaching new targets by 2030 (EFA GMR 2015)

Humanitarian Aid for Education: Why It Matters and Why More is Needed (EFA GMR 2015)

Innovative Financing for Out-of-School Children and Youth (UNESCO, R4D 2015)

The Economic Cost of Out-of-School Children in Southeast Asia (UNESCO 2015)

Walk the talk: Review of donors' humanitarian policies on education (Save the Children, NRC 2015)

Financing Upper Secondary Education: Unlocking 12 Years of Education for All (Results for Development, Malala Fund 2015)

Funding Reductions Threaten Education Goals Aimed at Providing Better Educational Opportunities for More Children (UIS 2014)

The Case for Engaging Arab Donors in Financing Global Education (Brookings 2014)

Economic Strengthening for Child Protection & Education in Emergencies: Compendium of evidence & guidance (Global Education Cluster 2014)

Exclusion from Education: the Economic Cost of Out of School Children in 20 Countries (EAC 2013)

A Moral Obligation, an Economic Priority: the Urgency of Enrolling Out of School Children (EAC 2013) 



Skills for a Changing World: Advancing Quality Learning for Vibrant Societies (Brookings 2016)

EFA/GMR Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges (UNESCO 2015)

EFA/GMR Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges, Regional Overview: Arab States (UNESCO 2015)

Universal Basic Skills: What Countries Stand to Gain (OECD 2015)

Rethinking Education: Towards a global common good? (UNESCO 2015)

Investing in teachers is investing in learning: A prerequisite for the transformative power of education (EFA GMR 2015)

Lutte contre le decrochage scolaire et le redoublement (UNICEF, Morocco MoE 2014)

Non-Formal Education as a Means to Meet Learning Needs of Out-Of-School Children and Adolescents (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

EFA/GMR Teaching and Learning: Achieving Quality for All (UNESCO 2014)

Baseline Study of Classroom Practices in UNRWA Elementary Schools (UNRWA 2014)

Regional Mapping Report on Assessment in the Arab States (ALECSO, UNESCO, ARAIEQ 2014)

Global Learning Crisis, Why every child deserves a quality education (UNESCO 2013)

Toward Universal Learning: Recommendations from the Learning Metrics Task Force (Brookings, UIS 2013)

Toward Universal Learning: What Every Child Should Learn (Brookings, UIS 2013)

Toward Universal Learning: A Global Framework for Measuring Learning (Brookings, UIS 2013)

The Right to Learn: Community Participation in Improving Learning (Save the Children 2013)



MENA Education Network (MEdNet) Meeting Report: Quality Learning through Life Skills (UNICEF 2016)

Learning to Live Together: Revising the Humanism of the Delors Report in Education (UNESCO 2015)

Key "Soft" Skills that Foster Youth Workforce Success: Toward a Consensus Across Fields (Child Trends, FHI360, USAID 2015)

Arab Knowledge Report: Youth and Localisation of Knowledge (UNDP 2014)

STEP skills measurement: Snapshot (World Bank 2014)

Strengthening Life Skills for Youth: A Practical Guide to Quality Programming (World Bank, IYF 2014)

STEP skills measurement surveys: innovative tools for assessing skills (World Bank 2014)

Strengthening Life Skills for Youth: A Practical Guide to Quality Programming (IYF 2014)

The Treasure Within - What is the value of that treasure 15 years after its publication? (Delors 2013)

Revisiting Learning: The Treasure Within. Assessing the Influence of the 1996 Delors Report (UNESCO 2013)

Enhancing Employability: What? Why? And How? Guide to Core Work Skills (ILO 2013)

The impact of non-cognitive skills on outcomes for youth people: Literature Review (Institute of Education, University of London 2013)

Developing Life Skills: constraints in the system, challenges in society (UKFIET paper 2013)

Global Evaluation of Life Skills Education Programmes (UNICEF 2012)

Employment for Stability and Socio-Economic Progress in North Africa (ILO 2012) 

Youth transition from education to work in the Mediterranean region: the ETF experience with partner countries (UNESCO IIEP, ETF 2012)

Hard Evidence on Soft Skills (NBER paper 2012)

The 2011 Civic Competence Composite Indicator (JRC-IPSC 2012)

Stepping up skills for more jobs and higher productivity (World Bank 2010) 

The implementation and impact of National Qualifications Frameworks: Report of a study in 16 countries (ILO 2010)

Characterizing the school-to-work transitions of young men and women: Evidence from the ILO school-to-work transition surveys (ILO 2010)

ICCS 2009 International Report: Civic knowledge, attitudes, and engagement among lower secondary school students in 38 countries (IEA 2010)

Gender-Responsive Life Skills-Based Education (UNESCO 2008) 

The Road Not Traveled: Education Reform in the Middle East and North Africa (World Bank 2008)

Expanding the Capacity to Learn: A new end for education? (Claxton, University of Bristol 2007)

Four 'Pillars of Learning' for the Reorientation and Reorganization of Curriculum: Reflections and Discussions (UNESCO 2005)

Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training, and Lifelong Learning (ILO 2004)

Report of the Inter-Agency Working Group on Life Skills in EFA (UNESCO 2004)

Learning: The Treasure Within (UNESCO 1996)



Learning to Live Together: Revisiting the Humanism of the Delors Report (UNESCO 2015)

Global Citizenship Education: Topics and Learning Objectives (UNESCO 2015)

Refugees in the Making of an Arab Regional Disorder (Carnegie, 2015) 

Monitoring Education for Global Citizenship: A Contribution to Debate (DEEEP, CONCORD 2015)

Education for 'Global Citizenship': A Framework for Discussion (UNESCO, 2013)

Learning to Live Together: Education for Conflict Resolution, Responsible Citizensh8ip, Human Rights and Humanitarian Norms (PEIC, 2013)

Learning citizenship through social participation outside and inside school: an international, multilevel study of young people's learning of citizenship (British Educational Research Journal, 2012)

Governance of Diversity in Syria (Arab Reform Initiative, 2012)

Youth and Citizenship in the Digital Age: A View from Egypt (Harvard Educational Review, 2012)

Education for Citizenship in the Arab World: Key to the Future (Carnegie Endowment 2011)

Learning to live together: Design, monitoring and evaluation of education for life skills, citizenship, peace and human rights (GTZ, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 2008)

Education and Citizenship: Concepts, Attitudes, Skills and Action. Analysis of Survey results of 9th grade students in Lebanon (UNDP, 2008)

A Human Rights-Based Approach to Education for All (UNICEF, UNESCO 2007)

Citizenship education: Theory research and practice (Encounters on Education journal, 2003)

Defining Quality in Education (UNICEF, 2000)

Education for Citizenship (Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna 1997)



A Poor Welcome from the World’s Wealthy (Oxfam 2016)

Helpdesk Report: The role of education in contributing to safety and well-being in conflict settings (HEART 2016)

Education Under Fire (UNICEF 2015)

More and Better: Global action to improve funding, support and collaboration for education in emergencies (Save the Children 2015)

Education to mitigate Fragility: Grappling with complexity (PEIC 2015)

NO to child labour YES to safe and quality education in emergencies (Global Education Cluster 2015) 

Education in emergencies and protracted crises: Toward a strengthened response (ODI 2015)

Jordan Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies (INEE, ESWG, UNICEF, MoE: 2015) English | Arabic

What do children want in times of emergency and crisis? They want an education (Save the Children 2015)

Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use During Armed Conflict (GCPEA 2015)

What Ministries Can Do to Protect Education from Attack and Schools from Military Use (GCPEA 2015)

Barriers to Education in Conflict-Affected Countries and Policy Opportunities (UNICEF, UIS 2014)

Protect Schools and Hospitals: Guidance Note on Security Council Resolution 1998 (UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, Office of the SRSG for Children & Armed Conflict 2014)

Background paper on attacks against girls seeking to access education (OHCHR 2014)

Learning in the Face of Adversity: The UNRWA Education Program for Palestine Refugees (World Bank 2014)

INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack (INEE 2014)

The role of communities in protecting education from attack: lessons learned (GCPEA 2014)

Education Under Attack 2014 (GCPEA 2014)

INEE Minimum Standards for Education: Preparedness, Response, Recovery (INEE 2010)

Guidance Notes on Teacher Compensation in Fragile States, Situations of Displacement and Post-Crisis Recovery (INEE 2009)



No Lost Generation 2016 Report (No Lost Generation, 2017)

Children of Syria (UNICEF)

Whole of Syria (WoS) education website (WoS partners) English | Arabic 

Syria Crisis Five Year Fact Sheet (UNICEF 2016) English | Arabic

Syria Crisis Education Fact Sheet - May 2016 (UNICEF 2016)

"We’re Afraid For Their Future": Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Jordan (Human Rights Watch 2016)

“Growing Up Without an Education”: Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon (Human Rights Watch 2016)

No lost generation – holding to the promise of education for all Syrian refugees (ODI, Theirworld, Safe Schools 2016) 

Economic Loss from School Dropout due to the Syria Crisis: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Impact of the Syria Crisis on the Education Sector (UNICEF 2016) English | Arabic

Syria Crisis Education Strategic Paper (Supporting Syria & the Region London Conference, NLG 2016) English | Arabic 

A Future in the Balance: How the conflict in Syria is impacting young people across the Middle East (NRC 2016)

Syria: Reconstruction for Peace (World Bank 2016)

Funding, Policy and Protection: Delivering a quality education to children affected by conflict in Syria and the region (Save the Children 2016)

#NotLost: Claiming Syria's Future (Malala Fund 2016)

Drivers of Despair: refugee protection failures in Jordan and Lebanon (NRC 2016)

Partnership for the #ChildrenofSyria - EU Trust Fund and UNICEF (EU 2016)

Curriculum, Accreditation and Certification for Syrian Children in Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt (UNICEF 2015) English | Arabic

Education of Syrian Refugee Children: Managing the Crisis in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan (RAND 2015)

Access to Education for Syrian Refugee Children and Youth in Jordan Host Communities (UNICEF, REACH 2015)

Scaling Up Quality Education Provision for Syrian Children and Children in Vulnerable Host Communities (UNICEF, Centre for Lebanese Studies, UNHCR, UNESCO 2015)

Education Under Fire (UNICEF 2015)

Better Together: The Impact of the Schooling System of Lebanese and Syrian Displaced Pupils on Social Stability (International Alert 2015)

The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon  (World Bank 2015)

Securing Education for Syrian Refugees in Jordan (International Peace Institute 2015)

Reaching all Children with Education in Lebanon: Opportunities for Action (Jalbout, Theirworld, AWAS 2015)

Comprehensive Child Focused Assessment Za'atari Refugee Camp (UNICEF, REACH 2015)

No One Hears Us (Mercy Corps 2015)

When I Picture My Future, I See Nothing’: Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Turkey (Human Rights Watch 2015)

Addressing the needs of children affected by the Syria crisis: UNICEF’s response in 2015 (UNICEF 2014)

No Lost Generation Initiative: Protecting the Futures of Children Affected by the Syria Crisis (UNICEF 2014)

Under Siege: The devastating impact on children of three years of conflict in Syria (UNICEF 2014)

Access to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Zaatari Camp, Jordan: Join Education Needs Assessment Report (UNICEF, REACH 2014) 

MSNA Syria Multi-Sectoral Needs Assessment (OCHA, REACH, SNAP 2014)

We Will Stop Here and Go No Further: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Turkey (IIE, UC Davis 2014)

Widening Access to Quality Education for Syrian Refugees: The Role of Private and NGO Sectors in Lebanon (Centre for Lebanese Studies 2014) 

Ensuring quality education for young refugees from Syria (12-25 years): a mapping exercise (Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford 2014) 

Living on hope, hoping for education: the failed response to the Syrian refugee crisis (ODI 2014)

Futures Under Threat: The Impact of the Education Crisis on Syria’s Children (Save the Children 2014)

Syria Crisis: Education Interrupted (UNICEF, UNHCR, Save the Children, World Vision. 2013)

Education Rapid Needs Assessment for displaced Syrian children in schools, community and safe spaces (UNICEF, Save the Children 2012)





You Know Me StopMotion video on out-of-school children in MENA (UNICEF 2015) English | Arabic | French

You Know Me ‘making of’ video on conflict (UNICEF 2015) English | Arabic | French

You Know Me ‘making of’ video on dropout (UNICEF 2015) English | Arabic | French

You Know Me ‘making of’ video on girls and gender discrimination (UNICEF 2015) English | Arabic | French

An infographic video that unpacks the data behind out-of-school children in MENA: English Arabic

Drawing a solution to the world's learning crisis (UNICEF 2015)

Street-based children animations (UNICEF 2015)

Building schools for #ChildrenofSyria in Turkey (UNICEF 2014)

E-learning initiative in Sudan for SOWC launch (UNICEF 2014)

A tiny computer lets Syrian refugees learn (UNICEF 2014) 

A compelling video on what data tell us about out-of-school children (UIS 2014)

Melissa Fleming TED Talk (TED 2014)



An infographic video that unpacks the data behind out-of-school children in MENA: English | Arabic

MENA OOSCI infographics



A visual tool for understanding out-of-school children (UIS 2014)

UNESCO Institute for Statistics eAtlas (UNESCO)

UNESCO eAtlas of Teachers (UNESCO)

Global Database on the Right to Education (UNESCO)

EduStat (UNESCO)

World Bank EdStats (World Bank 2014)

Out of School Children Profiles (FHI 360)

World Inequality Database on Education (EFA GMR)



Imagine A School: Interactive Documentary (UNICEF)

All in School: The Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children (UNICEF) 

Children of Syria (UNICEF)

Whole of Syria (WoS) education website (WoS partners) English | Arabic 

Education Cannot Wait (partners) 

UNESCO IIEP Library & Resources